## What is a millimeter?

A millimeter is a thousandth of a meter (1/1000) which is the SI (International System of Units) unit of length. It is normally used to measure small lengths like the thickness of a sheet of paper or the dimensions of a small object.

One millimeter is approximately equal to 0.03937 inches (about 1/25th). Presicely there are 25.4 millimeters in an inch and it is often used in science and engineering. It is used in countries that have adopted the metric system.

You may come across millimeters when measuring the size of electronic components, jewelry or even the thickness of a fingernail.

## What is a lightyear?

A lightyear is a unit of measurement used in astronomy to describe vast distances in space. It represents the distance that light travels in one year, which is approximately 5.88 trillion miles or 9.46 trillion kilometers. The term "lightyear" is derived from the fact that light, which travels at a speed of about 186,282 miles per second (299,792 kilometers per second), can cover an incredible distance in the span of a year.

The concept of a lightyear is crucial in understanding the vastness of the universe. Since light travels at a finite speed, it takes time for light to reach us from distant celestial objects. Therefore, when we observe objects that are millions or billions of lightyears away, we are actually seeing them as they appeared millions or billions of years ago. This allows astronomers to study the history and evolution of the universe by observing distant galaxies and other cosmic phenomena.